Similar to other holy books, the Zohar connects us directly to the consciousness of a spiritual giant; a righteous soul. In the case of the Zohar, that righteous soul is Rav Shimon bar Yochai—the author of the Zohar.
The kabbalists teach that when a righteous soul writes, his essence is injected into the work. For thousands of years, students of Kabbalah have sought to study the works of the great sages in order to connect to the consciousness, power, certainty and clarity of these spiritual masters. Our study of the Zohar connects us directly to the consciousness of Rav Shimon.
“One day, as Rav Shimon bar Yochai went out with his son, Rav Elazar, they saw the world plunge into darkness. All light gone, and an angel appeared, an angel the size of a huge mountain, blowing thirty flames of fire from his mouth.
Rav Shimon spoke to him: “What do you intend to do?”
The angel answered, “I am going to destroy the world, since there are not thirty righteous men in this generation.
Rav Shimon said to him, “Go, if you please, before the Holy One and say to Him, ‘If there are not thirty righteous men in the world, there are twenty, and if there are not twenty, then there are ten, for it is written that the world will not be destroyed for the ten’s sake. If there are not ten, there are two -- my son and I -- for it is decreed that two are sufficient. If there be not two, there is one -- I, Rav Shimon – for it is written that one righteous person is an everlasting foundation.’” A voice resounded from heaven at that moment, saying, “Happy is your portion, Rav Shimon. The Holy One issues a decree, and yet you annul it down below. Of you, scripture says, ‘God will fulfill the desire of those who fear Him.’”
The power of Rav Shimon’s consciousness is stronger than the collective force of humanity. In essence, he lives deep inside the atoms of the letters of the Zohar, his energy is awakened each time pursue the text of the Zohar—either by scanning its Aramaic letters with our eyes, reading its profound words aloud (in any language), studying its text with a spiritual teacher, or sharing its wisdom with people in need.
While secular scholars have argued for hundreds of years about the Zohar’s authorship, this is a meaningless debate from a spiritual perspective. Once we appreciate the greatness of the Zohar’s wisdom, it becomes clear that the author was a truly righteous soul.
Whenever the Zohar’s authorship has been discussed by kabbalists throughout history, they have agreed that the author must have been Rav Shimon bar Yochai. No lesser soul could have been a channel for this revelation. As Rav Yehuda Ashlag, the great twentieth century kabbalist expressed it:
“From the day that I have been enabled, by means of the Light of the Almighty, to peruse this holy book, it never entered my mind to investigate its authorship. The reason for this is simple. The contents of the book caused my mind to conjure up the cherished excellence of the authority of Rav Shimon bar Yochai incalculably more than any of the other holy masters.”