383. Rabbi Pinchas began by quoting about this, ABOUT THE EAGLE THAT TOOK THE ROSE: "To the chief musician upon Shushan-Edut; A michtam (Eng. 'writ') of David, to teach" (Tehilim 60:1). What is the meaning of "to teach?" It is to teach wisdom to people, and we have already expounded this. "Shushan-Edut" refers to the Great Sanhedrin, WHICH IS MALCHUT THAT ATTIRES BINAH, FOR THE MOCHIN of BINAH ARE CALLED 'EDUT' (ENG. 'TESTIMONY'). "A michtam of David" refers to a sign that was shown to David IN SHUSHAN-EDUT THAT HE WOULD WIN THE WAR, when he sent Joab to Aram Naharaim (Mesopotamia) and Aram Tzova to make war against them. Rabbi Pinchas said, This Shushan-Edut that is mentioned here is when the stars that are in the heavens and the Shechinah are over us, and with Her the upper levels, NAMELY THE MOCHIN OF BINAH THAT ARE CALLED 'TESTIMONY,' and She is a holy help for extolling praises. This is Shushan, in perfection, as is fitting. They arose and went on their way, some in one direction, others in a different direction. Rabbi Pinchas went to the village of Akimin and stayed overnight, and Rabbi Yitzchak and Rabbi Chiya with him.
491. And it was also said in the compilation of the first part: "TO THE CHIEF MUSICIAN UPON SHUSHAN-EDUT, a michtam of David" (Tehilim 60:1). David was shown a sign IN A ROSE (HEB. SHOSHANAH) THAT HE WOULD WIN THE WAR when he sent Joab to Aram Naharaim (Mesopotamia) and Aram Tzovah to make war against them. The Faithful Shepherd said, Shushan Edut is the Edut (Eng. 'testimony') of the Shechinah, which is CALLED 'Shushan Edut' because she testifies, standing over us and testifying on us before the King, and the holy upper levels are with her, and she is holy help for US TO OFFER praises; THEREFORE, SHE IS CALLED 'SHUSHAN EDUT'. The Faithful Shepherd said, IT IS CALLED 'Shushan Edut' because THE SHECHINAH gives Edut (Eng. 'testimony') about Yisrael, that they are its parts and she is their soul over them. She is help from heaven, about which is written: "then hear You in heaven" (I Melachim 8:32). She is holy assistance, about which it has been said: Here is Tanya (Eng. 'support') to help you, FOR THE SHECHINAH IS CALLED 'TANYA'.