3. Jacob wanted to prophesy concerning the exiles of his children in the land of Canaan and in any land wherein they dwelt WHICH came from the land of Egypt; MEANING, ALL EXILES ARE INCLUDED WITHIN EGYPT. His heart broke, as it is written, "Now Jacob saw that there was corn (also: 'breaking') in Egypt" (Beresheet 42:1).
11. Come and behold, he did not deserve to bless any of his sons, and had no spirit with which to bless, except in Egypt. When he did, he blessed each of them according to a mystery, which is, "Now Jacob saw that there was corn (also: 'breaking') in Egypt. Jacob said to his sons, 'Why do you look at one another?'" Come and see, prophecy was given only to the broken - hearted, as it is written, "Go down there, and buy (also: 'break') us from there, that we may live, and not die" (Beresheet 42:2).
353. We learned that Rabbi Yehuda said, We have explained in the Baraita that the world is judged four times a year: in Pesach (Passover) in respect to corn; in Shavuot (Holiday of the Weeks) in respect to the fruits of the tree; on Rosh Hashanah, when all the inhabitants of the world pass before Him like a flock of sheep; and on Sukkot when water is apportioned to them. We have explained the secret of the Baraita, that corn on Pesach, corresponded to the supernal Chariot, the secret of the patriarchs, CHESED, GVURAH AND TIFERET, and King David, MALCHUT. TO WIT, THE FOUR TIMES BROUGHT UP IN THE BARAITA ARE THE SECRET OF THE FATHERS AND KING DAVID. HE EXPLAINS, judgment is pronounced on Pesach in respect to corn literally. And we have already explained, in relation to it why Matzah is connected to Pesach: because it is a law, and the law of the Kingdom is the prevailing law. THUS, THE MATZAH IS A LAW. This is the starting point for Yisrael to enter the holy portion of the Holy One, blessed be He, and remove the leavened bread, which is a strange deity appointed over the idolatrous nations called other Elohim, foreign Elohim, and also called leavened bread and the Evil Inclination. To enter the Matzah, MALCHUT, is to enter the holy portion of the Holy One, blessed be He. This is the reason judgment is pronounced on Pesach concerning corn, as we explained that the world is sentenced in respect to Hei, MALCHUT. TVUAH (ENG. 'CORN') IS COMPOSED OF THE SYLLABLES TAVO - HEI (LIT. 'HEI SHALL COME').
356. On Sukkot, Judgment is pronounced in respect to water. This is the beginning OF THE ILLUMINATION of the King's right side, WHICH IS CHASSADIM CALLED WATER. IT IS SAID OF SUKKOT "AND HIS RIGHT HAND EMBRACES ME" (IBID.). The rejoicing in water is everywhere when water is sprinkled or drawn, for water is known TO BE CHASSADIM. Therefore, everything exists in these four times, ON PESACH THE JUDGMENT IS IN THE SECRET OF MALCHUT CALLED CORN, ON SHAVUOT IT IS IN THE SECRET OF TIFERET CALLED TREE, ON ROSH HASHANAH IN THE SECRET OF GVURAH AND ON SUKKOT ON THE SECRET OF CHESED.