30. Rabbi Elazar says THE WORD Beresheet IN TORAH is a collective word. THIS MEANS THAT MALCHUT, WHICH IS THE SECRET OF "THE FACE OF MAN," embraces all forms of REALITY. This is the secret of the verse, "This was the appearance of the likeness of the glory of Hashem" (Yechezkel 1:28). In this appearance, six other LEVELS are discernible. THUS, Beresheet is AN ABBRVIATION FOR bara sheet, BECAUSE THROUGH THE ASCENSION OF MALCHUT TO BINAH, SIX DIRECTIONS ARE FORMED IN BINAH. Come and see: When the six directions OF BINAH enter this MALCHUT, she makes herself ready to reflect them. SHE DRAWS MOCHIN (THE SPIRITUAL LIGHTS) OF CHOCHMAH FOR THE SAKE OF THEIR REVELATION. THROUGH THE SPIRITUAL LIGHTS OF CHOCHMAH, SHE ENGAGES IN ALL THE WORLDLY WORKMANSHIP. AND THIS WORKMANSHIP IS THE SPIRITUAL LIGHT OF THE ILLUMINATION OF CHOCHMAH, FROM WHICH SPRANG THE REALITY OF THE SIX WEEKDAYS. It is because the workmanship of the world, NAMELY THE SPIRITUAL LIGHT OF CHOCHMAH, comes from the level OF MALCHUT, that it is written bara sheet (He created six). THIS SIGNIFIES THAT credit for the workmanship is attributed to the six ASPECTS OF BINAH, as they perform their craftsmanship in the level OF MALCHUT.
177. And how can one merit this STORED light? THE ANSWER IS, only through CONSTANT OCCUPATION WITH Torah. He who occupies himself with Torah every day merits a place in the World to Come, and it is considered as if he had built worlds. Through Torah, the world was built and completed. Thus, the words, "Hashem founded the earth with wisdom, He established the heavens with understanding" (Mishlei 3:19), REFER TO THE WISDOM AND UNDERSTANDING FOUND IN TORAH. And it is also written, "And I was by Him, as a nurseling (Heb. amon); and I was daily His delight" (Mishlei 8:30), WHICH MEANS THAT TORAH WAS HIS CRAFTSMANSHIP (HEB. UMANUT) IN CREATING THE WORLD. Thus, whoever is occupied IN TORAH completes and preserves the worlds. Come and behold: The Holy One, blessed be He, made the world by a breath and by a breath it is preserved. IT IS PRESERVED BY the breath of the mouths of those who study Torah. It is preserved even more by the breath of the children in the houses of learning, BECAUSE THE WORLD IS PRESERVED BY IT.
179. "were finished" indicates that all the work that was to be done, both above and below, was finished, for "the heavens and the earth" represent above and below. THE WORD "HEAVENS" ALLUDES TO THE HIGHER WORLDS ABOVE, AND EARTH ALLUDES TO THE LOWER WORLDS BELOW. Rabbi Shimon said: THE WORD "HEAVENS" ALLUDES TO THE COMPLETION OF the works and craftsmanship of the Written Torah, THAT IS, THE STRUCTURE OF ZEIR ANPIN, WHICH IS CALLED "THE WRITTEN TORAH." And THE WORD "EARTH" REFERS TO THE COMPLETION OF the works and craftsmanship of the Oral Torah, THAT IS, THE STRUCTURE OF THE NUKVA CALLED "ORAL TORAH." THE WORD "WORKS" REFERS TO THE SIX EXTREMITIES OF ZEIR ANPIN AND "CRAFTS" REFERS TO THE TOP THREE SFIROT. "All their hosts" refers to the details of Torah, the seventy alternative aspects of Torah, WHICH ARE THE DETAILS OF THE STRUCTURE OF ZEIR ANPIN, CALLED "TORAH." "THUS THE HEAVENS AND EARTH were finished" MEANS that both ZEIR ANPIN AND THE NUKVA, CALLED HEAVEN AND EARTH, can coexist and complement each other. The heavens and the earth are particular and general. "And all their hosts" are the SECRETS of Torah and the rules of cleanliness and uncleanness in Torah.
185. "For on it He rested" indicates that in it, NAMELY WITHIN YESOD, there is rest for all, the upper and lower. In it is the Shabbat, for rest. "Which Elohim created" indicates that from, "remember," "keep" had come forth to finalize the manufacturing of the world. "Performed" is the craftsmanship of the world and alludes to the completed work, AN ACTION THAT PERFECTS EVERYTHING.