329. As soon as he heard about these children, he immediately ascended to the presence of the Holy One, blessed be He, and said, Master of the Universe, all Your ways are just and true. If there is any judgment that prevails upon Yisrael, that would be for their own sins. Why did You hand over their children, who have not sinned, to be killed? The Holy One, blessed be He, accepts thus his words and has compassion on them. At that time, IN YOM KIPPUR, children do not suffer from diphtheria.