40. You might say that the blessing after the meal is also similar to it, since the cup of blessing is considered the summons. Why do they say, Let us bless, FOR THE PURPOSE OF INVITATION? HE RESPONDS: It is only because at the beginning, when he drank, he said, 'Who creates the fruit of the vine' so, THE WINE ALREADY SERVED ITS PURPOSE FOR an invitation and now at the blessing after the meal we require something else for a different summons, since the cup is for the Holy One, blessed be He, and not for the meal. Therefore, the summoning must be by mouth.
70. The child said, Whoever wishes to eat bread, let him eat it by the sword. Rabbi Elazar was glad and again brought the child close to him. He said to him, Since you praised yourself, you have to begin the battle. At first, I said that the battle will begin after the meal. However, whoever wishes for fine flour, SIFTED OUT OF HUSKS THAT ARE THE KLIPOT, shall bring the gear of battle in his hands. Rabbi Elazar said, It is appropriate for you to show us what battle gear you possess.
89. Therefore, whoever says the blessing AFTER THE MEAL over wine and reaches 'for the land' needs to add water to it, since he should not say the blessing of: 'Have mercy, Hashem, our Elohim, upon Yisrael, Your people' unless there is water added to that wine. THIS MEANS THAT, AS LONG AS THE ILLUMINATION OF CHOCHMAH IN THE LEFT, WHICH IS THE SECRET OF WINE, IS NOT BLENDED WITH CHASSADIM THAT ARE ON THE RIGHT, WHICH IS THE SECRET OF WATER, THERE IS NO MERCY IN MALCHUT. AND IT IS EXCLUSIVELY JUDGMENT WITHOUT MERCY. If he does not POUR WATER INTO IT who could stand THE JUDGMENTS OF MALCHUT! That was what he, THE CHIEF WINE STEWARD, had to inform Joseph, WHO IS YESOD OF ZEIR ANPIN, since it was dependent on him, MEANING TO SAY THAT HE WAS THE ONE BESTOWING EVERYTHING ON MALCHUT.
92. The child spoke, saying, Friends, bread and wine are the main part of the meal. All the rest of the foods are accessories to them. The Torah has earned them, BREAD AND WINE, and they belong to her. The Torah requests of you graciously with love, and says, "Come, eat of my bread, and drink of the wine which I have mixed" (Mishlei 9:5). Since the Torah has invited you and requests of you this matter, you are obliged to do her wish. I beg of you, since she invited you, to do her bidding. They replied, Definitely. They sat and ate and rejoiced with him. After they completed the meal, they remained at the table. He began the discussion.
120. He opened the discussion with the verse: "He who holds back corn, the people shall curse him: but blessing shall be upon the head of him who sells freely" (Mishlei 11:26). This verse means simply what it says, but we were taught that every person is obligated to say the blessing after the meal. If he is not versed in it, his wife and children bless in his stead. May a curse come upon that person who needs his wife and children to bless in his stead, because he does not know how to make that blessing.
210. Rabbi Shimon said, My son Elazar, it is certain that the spirit of prophecy rests on you. Rabbi Aba said TO RABBI ELAZAR, A lion, the son of a lion, who would rise before them when they roar to kill for their prey? All lions are powerful, and RABBI SHIMON AND HIS SON more than all of them. It is difficult to take the prey out of the mouths of all the lions in the world, but it is easy to take out the prey, MEANING, THE TORAH INSIGHTS, from the lips of these lions; they send the prey and provide for everyone.