229. We have learned that when the most ancient among the ancient is revealed, Will of all wills, all the candles referred to by the name OF ATIK illuminate, and compassion exists all over. During the time that the most hidden does not reveal himself and the candles, HIS SFIROT, are not illuminating, judgments are awakened and justice is executed. Who caused this justice? The Will of all wills that did not reveal himself; therefore, the wicked overturn Mercy into Judgment. AS A RESULT OF THEIR SINS, ATIK YOMIN IS NOT REVEALED OVER ZEIR ANPIN AND CONSEQUENTLY ZEIR ANPIN THAT IS CALLED YUD HEI VAV HEI ACTIVATES JUDGMENTS. It is written: "AND HASHEM RAINED UPON SODOM...from Hashem out of heaven," which refers to Zeir Anpin. That is the meaning, since it says, "Out of heaven (Heb. shamayim)," WHICH IS ZEIR ANPIN REFERRED TO BY SHAMAYIM. SHAMAYIM CONTAINS THE LETTERS OF fire (Heb. esh) and water (Heb. mayim) THAT INDICATE Mercy and Judgment, to exclude whoever does not contain any kind of Judgment, THAT DOES NOT REVERT TO JUDGMENT.