49. Fourth Chapter. Atika, WHICH IS KETER, is covered and hidden. Zeir Anpin is revealed yet not revealed, MEANING THAT THE REVELATION STARTS IN HIM AND THAT REVELATION IS IN MALCHUT. The revealed, WHICH IS ZEIR ANPIN, is spelled with letters, MEANING THAT IT IS EXPRESSED IN THE LETTERS OF THE NAME THAT IS CALLED 'YUD HEI VAV HEI', WHICH MEANS, 'WAS, IS AND WILL BE, FOR EVERYTHING IS REVEALED IN HIM. That which is covered, THAT IS, ATIKA, is concealed of letters, FOR IT IS CALLED 'EHEYEH' (LIT. 'I SHALL BE'), IN THE FUTURE TENSE, WHICH MEANS THAT He cannot be comprehended in His place BUT IN A DIFFERENT PLACE. Because He is, the upper and lower beings cannot comprehend Him, FOR EVEN THE UPPER BEINGS DO NOT GRASP HIM.
50. "And Elohim said, Let the earth bring forth living creatures after their kind, cattle and creeping things..." (Beresheet 1:24). This is the meaning of, "Hashem, You preserve man and beast" (Tehilim 36:7). One is contained in the other, namely the living creatures is included in man, as is written, "If any man of you bring an offering to Hashem, of the cattle..." (Vayikra 1:2). IT IS USEFUL FOR HIM, because the living creatures is included in the secret of man.
51. When the lower man descended in the upper form NAMELY IN IMAGE AND LIKENESS, there were two spirits in him from HIS two sides, because man combines right and left. The right is of the holy Neshamah and the left is of the living Nefesh. When he sinned, then the left expanded from above downwards, WHICH IS THE SIN OF THE TREE OF KNOWLEDGE OF GOOD AND EVIL THAT DREW THE ILLUMINATION OF THE LEFT, WHICH IS CHOCHMAH, FROM ABOVE DOWNWARDS. Then those who have no body expanded.
52. HERE HE CONCLUDES EXPLAINING THE ABOVE-MENTIONED ARTICLE THAT SAYS THAT ZEIR ANPIN IS REVEALED YET IS NOT REVEALED. HE EXPLAINS: When THE RIGHT AND LEFT OF BINAH joined together, 22 concealed letters were born, like when an animal bears many at one time. THEY ARE THE ENTIRETY OF THE LIGHTS OF ZEIR ANPIN, THE SECRET OF THE RIGHT, and 22 revealed letters, WHICH ARE THE GENERALITY OF THE LETTERS OF THE NUKVA OF ZEIR ANPIN. THEY ARE THE SECRET OF THE TWO YUDS AT THE BEGINNING AND END OF 'YUD ALEPH HEI DALET VAV NUN HEI YUD,' WHICH IS THE PERMUTATION OF YUD HEI VAV HEI ADONAI, WHICH ARE MALE AND FEMALE. Yud AT THE BEGINNING, THE YUD OF YUD HEI VAV HEI, WHICH IS ZEIR ANPIN, is concealed, AS THE ILLUMINATION OF CHOCHMAH IS NOT REVEALED IN IT. BUT Yud AT THE END, WHICH IS OF ADONAI, is revealed, AS THE ILLUMINATION OF CHOCHMAH IS REVEALED IN IT. The concealed and revealed, RIGHT AND LEFT, ARE WEIGHED in the climbing scales, MEANING THAT THE PANS OF THE SCALES CLIMB UP AND DOWN. THIS IS THE SECRET OF THE CENTRAL COLUMN THAT BALANCES BOTH LIGHTS, RIGHT AND LEFT, SO THAT THEY WOULD HAVE THE SAME WEIGHT AND UNITE WITH EACH OTHER.
53. Male and female emerge from Yud, WHICH ARE Vav and Dalet OF THE FULLY SPELLED YUD. In this place Vav is male and Dalet is female, INSTEAD OF VAV HEI AS IN OTHER PLACES. Hence Du (Dalet Vav) MEANS IN HEBREW two, BECAUSE Dalet Vav are male and female. Dalet and Vav are two EQUAL crowns. Yud in itself is male. Hei is female. Hei was Dalet originally, MEANING THE DALET OF THE FULLY SPELLED YUD, AS EXPLAINED. When it conceived Vav within it, IT BECAME HEI, MEANING VAV WITHIN DALET. AFTERWARDS, it brought forth AND BORE the Vav, WHICH IS THE SECRET OF YUD HEI VAV OF THE NAME. And the Yud appears in its form, which is the entirety of Yud Hei Vav. BEFORE, THE YUD WAS COMPOUNDED OF VAV DALET AND AFTERWARDS, THE DALET CONCEIVED WITH THE VAV AND BECAME HEI AND AFTERWARDS BORE THE VAV. After Yud, which is of male and female, produced HEI VAV, WHICH ARE IMA AND ZEIR ANPIN, VAV was afterwards settled, THAT IS, RECEIVED MOCHIN, and covered Ima, WHICH IS HEI.
54. "And the sons of Elohim saw the daughters of men" (Beresheet 6:2). This resembles the verse, "Two men to spy secretly, saying" (Yehoshua 2:1). What is the meaning of "the daughters of men"? It is written, "Then came two women, that were harlots, to the king" (I Melachim 3:16), because of them, it is written, "for they saw that the wisdom of Elohim was in him..." (Ibid. 28). "Then came", but not before. When the image of the unripe fig dominated, MEANING THE EATING OF UNRIPE FRUIT, two were embracing above. When they descended, they inherited dust. They lost the good portion that they possessed from the crown of Mercy, and became crowned with the aspect of grapes.
56. It depended upon Mazal, for he wanted to glorify the Beard. FOR THEN THE ILLUMINATION OF CHOCHMAH WAS DRAWN FROM THE SUPERNAL MAZAL, WHICH IS THE SECRET OF THE EIGHTH OF THE THIRTEEN FEATURES OF THE BEARD THAT IS CALLED 'MAZAL'. THIS IS THE MEANING OF, "And will do that which is right in His sight" (Shemot 15:26). THIS IS THE LEFT COLUMN, IN WHICH CHOCHMAH IS DRAWN THAT IS CALLED 'HIS SIGHT'. "And will give ear to His commandments" (Ibid.), MEANS THE RIGHT COLUMN INTO WHICH CHASSADIM ARE DRAWN FROM BINAH CALLED 'EARS'. THEREFORE, IT SAYS, "GIVE EAR". "And keep all His statutes" (Ibid.) REFERS TO THE CENTRAL COLUMN, WHICH KEEPS THE STATUTES, SO THE RIGHT IS DRAWN FROM ABOVE DOWNWARDS AND THE LEFT ONLY FROM BELOW UPWARDS. Up to here, MEANING IT IS NECESSARY UP TO HERE TO DRAW AND UNITE THE THREE COLUMNS TOGETHER, "for I am Hashem that heals you," FOR MY HEALING IS DRAWN BY THIS UNITY, precisely OF THE THREE COLUMNS.