80. Rabbi Yehuda opened the discussion, saying: "Let me lean against the stout trunks, let me couch among the apple trees" (Shir Hashirim 2:5). We have already learned this verse and it is a pleasing one. The Congregation of Yisrael speaks thus in the exile. What does, "Let me lean," mean? HE ANSWERS: The one who falls must be supported, as it is written: "Hashem upholds all that fall" (Tehilim 145:13). Therefore, the Congregation of Yisrael, WHICH IS MALCHUT, has fallen, as written: "is fallen, she shall no more rise" (Amos 5:2). She should be supported; THEREFORE, She said, "Let me lean," to Yisrael, Her children, who are in exile with Her.
81. With what SHALL THEY SUPPORT HER, THE FALLEN MALCHUT? WITH "the stout trunks," which are the Fathers, who are the first to be replenished with that good preserved wine - WHICH IS THE ILLUMINATION OF THE CHOCHMAH FROM THE LEFT COLUMN OF THE BINAH, FIRST RECEIVED BY CHESED, GVURAH AND TIFERET, WHICH ARE CALLED "FATHERS." AFTER RECEIVING THE PRESERVED WINE, THEY ARE CALLED "THE STOUT TRUNKS." When they become filled up, all the blessings arrive TO MALCHUT by a certain grade, which is the Righteous, NAMELY THE YESOD, WHICH RECEIVES FROM THE "FATHERS" AND PASSES TO MALCHUT. And whoever knows how to unite the Holy Name, WHICH IS MALCHUT, WITH ZEIR ANPIN SO THAT SHE WILL RECEIVE FROM THOSE "STOUT TRUNKS" even when there are no blessings in the world, WHEN SHE IS STILL IN EXILE, YESOD supports and sustains the Congregation of Yisrael in exile. THEREFORE, SHE SAID, "LET ME LEAN AGAINST THE STOUT TRUNKS."
82. "Let me couch among the apple trees." All is one, FOR "STOUT TRUNKS" AND "APPLE TREES" ARE BOTH FROM THE ASPECT OF THE "FATHERS," as we have said. THEY TRANSFER TO YESOD, AND YESOD TO MALCHUT, but THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THEM IS this secret: the wine brings in the stout trunk and brings out "apple trees" by directing the intention of the desire. It therefore SPEAKS OF "stout trunks" and "apple trees," "stout trunks" for thirst-quenching wine, and "apple trees" to direct the will, so that the wine will not do any harm. Why is all this? For: "I am sick with love" (Shir Hashirim 2:5): in exile. He who unifies the Holy Name also unifies Judgment with Mercy, he combines them together to be "mitigated," and corrects everything properly. That is what supports the Congregation of Yisrael in exile.