Beshalach: Chapter 32

"Is Hashem among us"


Rabbi Shimon explains that in the verse, "Is Hashem among us or not (Heb. ayin)?" the word 'not' refers to the most concealed Atik of all, which is called Ayin (naught). Yisrael was trying to discern between Ayin and Zeir Anpin. Because the children of Yisrael tested God, making a separation between Atik and Zeir Anpin, they were punished. "Then came Amalek."