358. On the days of Rosh Hashanah, the court prepares a throne for the King to judge the whole world. Yisrael come in first to be judged before Him, so that Mercy will multiply, NAMELY BEFORE ANGER IS AROUSED AT THE SINNERS OF THE WORLD. It is written "that He maintain...the cause of His people Yisrael, as each day may require" (I Melachim 8:59). What is the meaning of "as each day may require?" THE MEANING IS the two days of Rosh Hashanah. And why are there two days? Because they are two courts joined together. There is the upper Judgment, which is harsh, and the lower Judgment that is lenient, and both of them exist.
359. And in this respect the Babylonians did not know the secret of the Sh'varim and T'ruah and that both of them are required. The T'ruah is strict Judgment. The three notes of the Sh'varim are lenient Judgment, AND IT IS LIKE someone who groans FROM HIS HEART, which is soft. They did not know WHICH OF THE TWO WAS REQUIRED, AND they THEREFORE had both of them. But we know BOTH, THAT BOTH OF THEM ARE REQUIRED, and do both OF THEM. And everything comes out by the way of truth.
360. He began by quoting: "Blow the horn at the new moon, in concealment for our feast day. For it is a statute for Yisrael...an ordinance of the Elohim of Jacob" (Tehilim 81:45). What is "Blow the horn at the new moon?" It means lenient Judgment, which is called "new moon." And what is "in concealment?" This is harsh Judgment, which is ALSO TERMED 'the fear of Isaac.' It is a Judgment that is concealed permanently, NAMELY THE MANULA, which is not judgment openly. "For it is a statute" refers to lenient Judgment. "An ordinance" refers to Judgment CONTAINED with Mercy, and the two of them are there together, and this is why there are two days OF ROSH HASHANAH, both of which are of the same principle.
361. "Happy are the people that know the joyful note (Heb. T'ruah)" (Tehilim 89:15). It does not say "that hear," nor does it say "that blow the sounds OF A TERU'AH," but "that know." This is because ONLY the sages who dwell in the atmosphere of the holy land are the ones who know T'ruah. The secret of the teru'ah is as it is written: "You shall break them (Heb. teroem) with a rod of iron" (Tehilim 2:9). What people is there like Yisrael, who know the heavenly secrets of their Master and enter in before Him and associate with Him. And all those who know the secret of the teru'ah will draw near and walk in the light of the countenance of the Holy One, blessed be He, because this is the first light that the Holy One, blessed be He, hid for the righteous. This is why it is necessary to know it, THE T'RUAH.