87. "And there wrestled a man with him." HE ASKS, What does "wrestled (Heb. yeavek)" mean? Rabbi Shimon replies, HE CAME TO HIM from the dust (Heb. avak), AS SHALL BE EXPLAINED. Dust is of lesser importance than earth. HE ASKS, What is the difference between dust and earth? HE ANSWERS, Dust is the residue of fire, THAT IS, WHAT IS LEFT FROM A FIRE IS CALLED 'DUST.' It never produces fruits. From earth, however, all fruits grow, as it comprises everything above and below.
88. Rabbi Yehuda said, If this is so, AND EARTH IS OF SUCH CONSEQUENCE, then what is THE MEANING OF THE VERSE, "He raises the poor out of the dust (lit. 'earth')" (I Shmuel 2:8)? He replies, Literally, IT MEANS HUMILITY. In such a way He raises the poor out of the earth - because THE NUKVA, CALLED 'EARTH,' has nothing of her own, BUT RECEIVES EVERYTHING FROM ZEIR ANPIN. Then out of the earth, WHICH POSSESSES NOTHING AS LONG AS IT IS NOT UNITED WITH ZEIR ANPIN, come the poor, who possess nothing. But out of earth, AT THE TIME OF UNION WITH ZEIR ANPIN, come all the fruits and goodness of the world. All that is done in the world is made from the earth, as it is written, "all are of the earth, and all return to earth" (Kohelet 3:20). We have learned that all is of the earth, even the wheel of the sun, but dust never produces fruits and plants. Therefore, "there wrestled a man," SAMAEL, who came out of the dust, HIS NUKVA, and rides upon it to accuse Jacob.
89. "...Until the breaking of the day..." is the time when his power goes away and disappears, as will occur in the future. For the exile resembles the night; NAMELY, IT IS DARK, a time when the dust rules over Yisrael, and the people are thrown to the earth until light appears and daylight shines. Then Yisrael will have power and will be given the Kingdom, for they will be high saints, as it is written, "And the kingdom and dominion, and the greatness of the kingdoms under the whole heaven, shall be given to the people of the holy ones of the most High, whose kingdom is an everlasting kingdom, and all dominions shall serve and obey Him" (Daniel 7:27).