Ki Tisa: Chapter 12

"Ornaments by the Mount Horeb"


Rabbi Yehuda wonders why Joshua was punished along with the children of Yisrael even though he had not sinned - he had been with Moses at the time of the golden calf. Rabbi Shimon answers that when God judges the world, he judges it according to the majority of people. He explains about the right above and the right below, and about the left above and the left below, and says that death is drawn to all those who become attached to the Serpent and distanced from the Tree of Life. Rabbi Shimon concludes by saying that since the moon, Malchut, was blemished, Joshua alone could not have been spared from the blemish.