370. Come and see: When the Temple was built and erected, the Other Side was subdued, and departed from the world. When it left the world, and the Tabernacle was raised by Moses, it was raised above and below. This is the meaning of "Moses erected (lit. 'raised') the Tabernacle" (Shemot 40:18). "Raised" means that he raised MALCHUT so she would rise up high. Therefore scripture says, "and Moses erected"; he raised what was low, as if lifting someone who fell. In the same manner it is written of the future, "In that day will I raise up the Tabernacle of David that is fallen" (Amos 9:11).
371. It is written, "The virgin of Yisrael is fallen; she shall no more rise" (Amos 5:2). HE ASKS: What is the meaning of "she shall no more rise"? HE ANSWERS: She rose on another time on her own and not raised by the Holy One, blessed be He. For from the exile in Egypt, she was raised by the Holy One, blessed be He, who performed many miracles in order to raise her. In exile in Babylon, THE HOLY ONE, BLESSED BE HE did not raise her. He did not perform miracles, because of the sin. So MALCHUT rose on her own, and the exiles went up TO JERUSALEM, as if they were not redeemed, and as if the Holy One, blessed be He had no interest in them. That was because they sinned with foreign women.
372. Therefore, the Holy One, blessed be He did not raise the Congregation of Yisrael, nor performed miracles and mighty deeds as fit at that time, WHEN THEY RETURNED FROM BABYLON. But in the future, it is written, "she shall no more rise," namely, on her own LIKE AFTER THE EXILE IN BABYLON, but the Holy One, blessed be He will raise her, as it is written, "In that day will I raise up the Tabernacle of David that is fallen" and "David their king, whom I will raise up for them" (Yirmeyah 30:9). That is why it is written, "and Moses erected the Tabernacle," MEANING THAT THE HOLY ONE, BLESSED BE HE ERECTED THE TABERNACLE. FOR MOSES IS A CHARIOT TO ZEIR ANPIN, AND AS MOSES ERECTED THE TABERNACLE BELOW, SO DID THE HOLY ONE, BLESSED BE HE ERECT THE TABERNACLE, WHICH IS MALCHUT, ABOVE.
373. Come and see: When Moses erected the Tabernacle, another one was erected at the same time, NAMELY, MALCHUT. The upper Tabernacle, WHICH IS BINAH, establishes and supports everything, because it is concealed and stored high above, and another Tabernacle, MALCHUT, was erected above the Tabernacle below, THAT MOSES ERECTED, and stood upon it by the strength of the Tabernacle superior to all, BINAH. As the Tabernacle below was erected by Moses, so the one above, MALCHUT, was erected by the grade of Moses, ZEIR ANPIN. From where do we know that? From the verse, "and Moses erected the Tabernacle," the particle 'Et' (lit. 'the') indicating that two Tabernacles were established by the secret of Moses, THE ONE BELOW, AND THE ONE ABOVE, WHICH IS MALCHUT, WHICH WAS ALSO BUILT BY THE GRADE OF MOSES, WHICH IS ZEIR ANPIN.
374. Rabbi Yosi said: When "Moses erected" not all was yet made, FOR THE FOLLOWING VERSE SAYS, "AND FASTENED ITS SOCKETS..." (SHEMOT 40:18). There is no raising up until all is completed and the parts intertwined. Why then is it written "erected"? Rabbi Yitzchak said: Moses erected the Tabernacle on three sides. The words "and Moses erected the Tabernacle" IMPLY THE CENTRAL COLUMN, CALLED 'MOSES' "and fastened its sockets" IMPLY THE LEFT COLUMN, FOR SOCKETS (HEB. ADANIM) ARE SPELLED WITH THE LETTERS OF JUDGMENT (HEB. DIN), WHICH PERTAINS TO THE LEFT; "and set up its boards" IMPLY THE RIGHT COLUMN. By these three aspects Moses erected the Tabernacle, and by these aspects the Tabernacle, MALCHUT, was erected and the Other Side subdued. Since Moses erected the side OF HOLINESS, the Other Side OF DEFILEMENT was subjugated. That is why Moses erected it and none other.
375. Come and see: It is written, "and fastened its sockets." At that time, Samael was shaken from his place, together with his forty Chariots, and fled four hundred parasangs to hide himself in a hole in the dust. Moses brought the sockets, and that side was strengthened; the sockets of the Other Side were loosened and fell.
376. He opened the discussion and said, "In that day will I raise up the Tabernacle of David that is fallen" (Amos 9:11). HE ASKS: Which day? AND HE ANSWERS: On the day the Holy One, blessed be He will judge the world, and visit the deeds of the wicked, for the Congregation of Yisrael cannot rise from the dust, while the wicked still prevail. It is written above, "all the sinners of My people shall die by the sword, those that say, 'The evil shall not overtake nor confront us'" (Ibid. 10). The following verse says, "In that day will I raise up the Tabernacle of David that is fallen."
377. We should look at this verse. IT IS WRITTEN, "their breaches" (Ibid. 11), which should have been 'her (its) breaches,' and "his ruins" (Ibid.) which should have been 'her ruins,' FOR THESE WORDS REFER TO "THE TABERNACLE (FEM.) OF DAVID." HE ANSWERS: "I will...repair their breaches" (Ibid.) against the wicked, of whom it is written, "all the sinners of My people shall die by the sword." Then the breach will be fixed, that THEY DID to Yisrael. It is therefore written, "I will...repair their breaches," AND NOT 'HER BREACHES'. "And I will raise up his ruins." Whose ruins? Those of the Tabernacle of David, because WE LEARNED that when the evil kingdom is strengthened in the world, the Holy Kingdom is enfeebled, and the Tabernacle of David is ruined. Therefore it is written, "And I will raise up his ruins" (Ibid.).
378. We learned that when one is strengthened, NAMELY, DEFILEMENT, the other is enfeebled, NAMELY, HOLINESS. This one is full, and that is laid waste. Hence, until that SAID day, the evil kingdom shall get stronger. And on that day the holy kingdom will get stronger, and the Holy One, blessed be He will raise it. Therefore it is written, "and I will raise up his ruins, and I will build her as in the days of old" (Ibid.); the latter part is in accordance with the verse, "Moreover the light of the moon shall be as the light of the sun..." (Yeshayah 30:26).
379. "And Moses erected the Tabernacle." HE ASKS: With what did he erect it? AND HE ANSWERS: It is written, "and fastened its sockets" (Shemot 40:18). He laid the sockets underneath the boards, so that the hinges of the doors will revolve upon them, because the hinges underneath give support and firmness upon which they can revolve. Why is it WRITTEN "fastened"? Because he fixed and strengthened them with all his might. At that time the other sockets of the Other Side were removed.