491. And it was also said in the compilation of the first part: "TO THE CHIEF MUSICIAN UPON SHUSHAN-EDUT, a michtam of David" (Tehilim 60:1). David was shown a sign IN A ROSE (HEB. SHOSHANAH) THAT HE WOULD WIN THE WAR when he sent Joab to Aram Naharaim (Mesopotamia) and Aram Tzovah to make war against them. The Faithful Shepherd said, Shushan Edut is the Edut (Eng. 'testimony') of the Shechinah, which is CALLED 'Shushan Edut' because she testifies, standing over us and testifying on us before the King, and the holy upper levels are with her, and she is holy help for US TO OFFER praises; THEREFORE, SHE IS CALLED 'SHUSHAN EDUT'. The Faithful Shepherd said, IT IS CALLED 'Shushan Edut' because THE SHECHINAH gives Edut (Eng. 'testimony') about Yisrael, that they are its parts and she is their soul over them. She is help from heaven, about which is written: "then hear You in heaven" (I Melachim 8:32). She is holy assistance, about which it has been said: Here is Tanya (Eng. 'support') to help you, FOR THE SHECHINAH IS CALLED 'TANYA'.
492. "Strong (Heb. eitan) is your dwelling place, and you put your nest in a rock" (Bemidbar 24:21). Eitan (Aleph Yud Tav Nun) is SPELLED WITH the letters of tanya (Tav Nun Yud Aleph), NAMELY MISHNAH AND BARAITHA. There, IN THE MISHNAH AND BARAITHA, is the nest of the upper eagle, which is the Shechinah, and about it is said: "As an eagle stirs up her nest, broods over her young" (Devarim 32:11). And those who study Halachah and Mishnah ARE CALLED 'THE YOUNG OF THE EAGLE'. And each speech that emerges out of the mouth of that tanya, NAMELY FROM THE STUDENTS OF MISHNAH, whether for the sake of the Name Yud Hei Vav Hei and whether in Torah, prayer, blessing, or in any one of the precepts; what is written about it? "spreads abroad her wings" (Ibid.), namely that same eagle that is speech, FOR THE SHECHINAH IS CALLED 'SPEECH', with which is Yud Hei Vav Hei, NAMELY ZEIR ANPIN WHO IS CALLED 'VOICE', THAT EAGLE WILL SPREAD ITS WINGS.
493. "takes them, bears them on her pinion (Heb. ever)" (Devarim 32:11). HE ASKS, What is the meaning of "her pinion"? AND HE ANSWERS: On that part (Heb. ever) of man, with which he performed a precept of Hashem, called 'a body part of the Shechinah'. Thus: "bears them on her pinion." And the meaning of "bear (Heb. yisa)" is as in the verse: "Hashem lift up (Heb. yisa) His countenance to you" (Bemidbar 6:25).
494. And what is the meaning of "and you put your nest in a rock"? But David said about THE SHECHINAH, "Hashem is my rock, and my fortress" (II Shmuel 22:2). So also for the Tanna, NAMELY HE WHO STUDIES MISHNAH, in which the Halachah is as firm as a rock that no hammer can break with all the objections in the world. It is here that the eagle, NAMELY THE SHECHINAH, makes its nest. And all the Tannaim are called 'nests of THE SHECHINAH'. Therefore, "If a bird's nest chance to be before you..." (Devarim 22:6), THAT IS THE SHECHINAH THAT IS CALLED 'A BIRD', namely that comes by pure chance, once, as a visitor, as a wayfarer who just happens to come to the inn.
495. And there are Tannaim, STUDENTS OF THE MISHNAH, in whose study of the Mishnah the Shechinah has A PERMANENT home, as it is written: "Wherefore the children of Yisrael shall keep the Shabbat, to observe the Shabbat throughout their generations (Heb. dorotam)" (Shemot 31:16). 'dorotam' is written in the abbreviated spelling, derived from 'apartment (Heb. dirah)'. And indeed, there are sages of the Mishnah, whose study of Torah is their craftsmanship; in such cases the Shechinah does not move from them all their days. But those ABOUT WHOM THE SCRIPTURE SPEAKS IN THE VERSE "If a bird's nest chance to be before you" are those to whom the Shechinah comes by chance, at one time resting on them and being with them and at another time not being with them.
496. And the secret of the matter is: The occasional times when THE SHECHINAH is with them is WHEN IT IS SAID: "You shall not take the mother BIRD OVER THE YOUNG" (IBID.), BUT ONE DOES NOT LET THE MOTHER BIRD, WHICH IS THE SHECHINAH, GO. And the times when THE SHECHINAH is not with them IS WHEN IT IS SAID: "but you shall surely let the mother go" (Ibid. 7), FOR THEY ARE NOT FITTING TO BE WITH HER. "The young" are the sages of the Mishnah; "or eggs" (Ibid. 6) are the sages of the Bible. About those who do not study regularly IT IS SAID: "You shall surely let the mother go," while about those who do study regularly IT IS SAID: "You shall not take the mother bird together with the young"; BUT ONE DOES NOT LET HER GO. And there are sages of Halachah (lit. 'legal tradition') who are like the stars, as it is written: "and they who turn many to righteousness like the stars for ever and ever" (Daniel 12:3). They are not as the stars, about which it is written: "and all their host shall fall down" (Yeshayah 34:4), but rather as though they were the stars of the World to Come that remain always for ever and ever, AND TO WHICH IS APPLIED THE VERSE: "LIKE THE STARS FOREVER AND EVER."