Acharei Mot: Chapter 44

Nefesh, Ruach, Neshamah


We read about the three levels of soul of a righteous person, Nefesh, Ruach and Neshamah. If he deserves the spiritual soul, he is given the Ruach, and then there is awakened in him a higher desire to learn about God. Then he deserves the highest level, the Neshamah. We are told how the Nefashot of the righteous who died are in this world to protect living people; the deceased are aware of distress in the world. The Ruach of the righteous dead go to the earthly Garden of Eden, and the Neshamah go to the supernal Garden of Eden, called the Bond of Life. We learn how the levels of soul communicate with one another to draw God's mercy to the world.