Beshalach: Chapter 16

"Then sang Moses"


Rabbi Yehuda opens with "Before I found you in the belly I knew you." He says that the Holy One, blessed be He, sent down for the children of Yisrael a true prophet and a faithful shepherd, who was Moses. He put a great and holy spirit into him, and appointed him over all that was His. When Moses emerged into the world the Shechinah illuminated him, and the Holy One, blessed be He read over him, "Before I found you in the belly I knew you; and before you did come out of the womb I sanctified you, and I ordained you a prophet to the nations." We read various interpretations of "Then sang Moses, and the children of Yisrael." Rabbi Shimon says that it is the song of the Queen to the Holy One, blessed be He; it contains the world that has passed, and the World to Come, and the bonds of faith, and the days of King Messiah - and all the other praises of those above and below are dependent on it. Rabbi Yosi submits that "This song to Hashem" is the river that is Binah that emerges from Eden. And lastly, Rabbi Yehuda speaks about the time that "Hashem caused the sea to go back by a strong east wind all the night," saying that all the Egyptians below and the Princes above were given over into the hands of the Queen, for her to do vengeance on them.