Emor: Chapter 34

Yom Kippur


We are told that on Yom Kippur Malchut is illuminated not from the light of the sun but from supernal light instead. Rabbi Aba learns from Rabbi Shimon that Zeir Anpin does not unite with Malchut except when she shines from supernal Aba, at which time Malchut is called holiness. Rabbi Aba says that Adam stands as an example to all men in that he repented after his sin, and God accepted him and had pity on him.

[Verse 227B] We learn that it is a commandment to be afflicted on Yom Kippur, to subjugate body and soul.

[Verse 228] Rabbi Chiya tells us about the ten kinds of songs in the book of Tehilim. He speaks about a Maskil, or understanding, that bestows wisdom; from it comes forgiveness and freedom. He says that a man who repents before God has his sins hidden, but if he will not repent then his sins shall be made known before everyone. Rabbi Aba explains what happens to the good deeds that were done by a man who is on balance judged to be evil, and what happens to the sins that were done by a man who is on balance judged to be worthy. He talks about the depths of the sea, where all the sins are found, and about the lot that chooses the goat for Azazel. We are told how God distracted the prosecutor from accusing Yisrael by giving him Job to occupy himself with; this left Yisrael free to cross the sea and escape from the Egyptians. The offering on Yom Kippur is for the same purpose, allowing God to forgive Yisrael without interference from the prosecutor. Rabbi Aba talks about the ritual counting of the priest as he sprinkles the blood of the offering, the purpose of which is to draw and guide the one that is supernal Ima through specific grades and to draw the deep rivers upon the Congregation of Yisrael. Rabbi Yitzchak and Rabbi Aba tell us about the High Priest as he enters the Holy of Holies and hears the wings of the Cherubs singing. Rabbi Shimon says that Malchut is only able to join with Zeir Anpin when her children Yisrael are judged to be worthy.